World Bank boosts hydro, other renewables
The World Bank says its group funding for hydropower, other renewable energy projects, and energy efficiency increased 67 percent in the previous year to US$1.43 billion. Of that, the bank said, in the year ending June 30, it allotted US$751 million for hydropower projects of more than 10 mw. It awarded US$421 million for new renewable energy projects, including hydropower up to 10 mw, wind, solar, biomass, and geothermal projects. Energy efficiency projects received US$262 million. “The World Bank considers hydropower, regardless of scale, as renewable energy,” the bank said. “However, for reporting purposes, hydropower projects in which the installed capacity at a single facility exceeds 10 mw are reported separately.” The bank said there has been a steady increase in the share of financing the World Bank Group committed for renewable energy and energy efficiency projects since 1990, with total financing topping US$11 billion.
Uganda begins construction of 250-mw Bujagali
Uganda officials formally marked the beginning of construction in August of the 250-mw Bujagali hydroelectric project on the Victoria Nile River. Prince Karim Aga Khan, leader of 15 million Shia Ismaili Muslims worldwide, agreed to lay the foundation stone for the project. The Aga Khan Fund for Economic Development is helping develop the project, which was defended by the Muslim leader against environmentalist criticism. “Hydroelectricity is clean energy advancing sustainable development while minimizing its environmental impact,” the Aga Khan said. Following fast-track negotiations that concluded nine agreements, the government of Uganda released US$75 million, financed by Uganda Electricity Transmission Co. Ltd., to Italian contractor Salini Costruttori SpA to assist in mobilization and commence the construction. The US$799 million project is being developed by Bujagali Energy Ltd., a consortium led by Industrial Promotion Services (Kenya) Ltd., a member of the Aga Khan Development network, and Sithe Global of the United States.
Brazil basin surveys find 37 projects
Brazil’s energy research agency completed inventories of the Uruguai and Paranaiba river basins finding 37 potential hydroelectric projects totaling 4,638 mw could be developed by 2016. Empresa de Pesquisa Energetica (EPE) said in September it completed the basin studies, the first such integrated environmental evaluations in the scope of socio-environmental planning for the Brazil electric sector. EPE said it is evaluating four more basins, the Parnaiba, Tocantins, Doce, and Paraiba do Sul. In other action, Brazil utility Furnas Centrais Eletricas S/A reports it found hydropower potential totaling 1,000 mw in an inventory of two rivers in Brazil’s Minas Gerais State, the Jequitinhonha and Aracuai.
Assessment backs Nepal’s 750-mw West Seti
An environmental assessment of Nepal’s 750-mw West Seti hydroelectric project finds the development will bring US$991 million in economic benefits to Nepal over 30 years and will mitigate adverse effects on ecosystems and residents. A unit of Snowy Mountains Engineering Corp. is expected to begin construction of West Seti by late 2007 on the Seti River in Doti District of Nepal’s Far Western Development Region. The project is expected to require 5.5 years to build, 400 kilometers west of Kathmandu. The project is to include four 187.5-mw vertical-shaft Francis turbine-generators with a head of 259 meters in an underground powerhouse, a 195-meter-tall concrete-faced rockfill dam, and a 2,060-hectare reservoir.
Verbund weighs Russian hydro venture
Austrian utility Verbund says it will decide by the end of 2007 whether to pursue an 800 million euro (US$1.1 billion) investment in a hydroelectric project in Russia. “We are seriously looking into this hydroelectric project along the Angara River in Siberia and we want to come to a decision this year on whether we will launch a due diligence,” Verbund Chief Executive Michael Pistauer said. Verbund and Russia’s HydroOGK, to be the world’s second largest hydro utility upon Russian utility restructuring, signed a memorandum of understanding in 2006 on cooperating to develop hydroelectric projects in Russia. The Austrian utility would hold 49 percent in the joint venture and investment for the expected plant would total some 1.9 billion euros (US$2.6 billion).
Ecuador awards 228-mw Toachi-Pilaton
Ecuador regulator Consejo Nacional de Electricidad (Conelec) signed a concession agreement October 8 awarding construction of the 228-mw Toachi-Pilaton hydroelectric project to Hidrotoapi S.A., a company owned by Pichincha Province. Toachi-Pilaton, previously estimated at 190 mw, is to involve construction of two hydropower plants, 50-mw Sarapullo on the Pilaton River and 178-mw Alluriquin on the Pilaton and Toachi rivers. Hidrotoapi won the development concession in 2005 and holds a US$170 million line of credit from Brazilian development bank Banco Nacional de Desenvolvimento Economico e Social. Hidrotoapi named Brazil’s Construtora Norberto Odebrecht its strategic partner in building Toachi-Pilaton. Construction is expected to begin in early 2008, with completion in mid-2011. Funding from Ecuador’s energy and hydrocarbon investment fund, Fondo Ecuatoriano de Inversion en los Sectores Energetico e Hidrocarburifero, is to save Pichincha more than US$100 million in developing the US$458 million project.
GE Hydro restructuring aimed at growth
General Electric’s GE Hydro unit is to undergo global restructuring to focus on areas of future growth, the company said in October. GE Hydro’s Schenectady, N.Y., U.S.A., headquarters is to move to Sao Paulo, Brazil, the site of GE Hydro Inepar, GE Hydro’s joint venture with Inepar S.A. Industria e Construcoes of Brazil. A spokesman said Brazil has the second largest hydro generation market in the world, after China. GE Hydro planned to begin technology transfer in November to establish a hydraulic laboratory adjoining the Araraquara, Brazil, facilities of an Inepar affiliate, equipment manufacturer IESA. IESA President Atilano Oms Sobrinho said Araraquara also is to house most of the investment in production equipment and will result in the most complete investment in hydro generation in Latin America. Oms said the venture would be 50-50 between the partners. GE manufacturing and laboratory facilities in Sweden and Finland will be absorbed into the new GE Hydro Inepar. Canada activities at GE Hydro’s turbine manufacturing plant in Lachine, Québec, and engineering and drafting operations in Peterborough, Ontario, are to wind down by June 2008. Service facilities in St. Augustin and Beloeil, Québec, are to be unaffected. Operations in the United Kingdom are to be phased out and facilities in Norway are to be sold.
China to spend on hydro in renewables push
China plans to spend more than 1 trillion renminbi (US$132.5 billion) by 2020 on large hydroelectric projects to help meet new national goals to increase usage of renewable energy. Vice Chairman Chen Deming of the National Development and Reform Commission said the hydro investment figure is more than half of the total 2 trillion renminbi (US$265 billion) that China plans to spend on renewable energy by 2020, most of it corporate funds. The plan, which is to reduce use of coal for power generation, also calls for investment in tidal, wind, biomass, solar, and geothermal energy. The investment is to help China obtain 15 percent of its installed capacity from renewable sources by 2020, up from 7.5 percent in 2005.
Portugal proposes ten projects of 1,096 mw
Portugal Economy Minister Manuel Pinho announced the government will invest in ten new hydroelectric projects totaling 1,096 mw. Pinho presented a national program of dams with high hydroelectric potential in five river basins that the Ministerio da Economia estimated would require an investment of 1.14 billion euros (US$1.61 billion). The proposed projects include 78-mw Almourol, 48-mw Alvito, 109-mw Daivoes, 234-mw Foz Tua, 163-mw Fridao, 72-mw Girabolhos, 112-mw Gouvaes, 113-mw Padroselos, 77-mw Pinhosao, and 90-mw Vidago. Pinho said hydro projects totaling 2,000 mw are to be launched this year, including announced projects 170-mw Baixo Sabor, 243-mw Picote 2, 178-mw Bemposta 2, and 259.2-mw Alqueva. The minister said the goal is to reach production of 7,000 mw of hydropower by 2020, although that goal might be accelerated, he said, due to the number of projects under study.
Alcoa eyes smelter powered by 2,400-mw Bakun
U.S. aluminum producer Alcoa Inc. is considering construction of a smelter in Malaysia that would use power from the 2,400-mw Bakun hydroelectric project on Borneo Island. President Jon Erik Reinhardsen of Alcoa Global Primary Growth said the company is talking with officials about a possible joint venture for a smelter to produce up to a million tons of aluminum per year. The smelter would be located in Malaysia’s Sarawak State on Borneo, where Bakun is expected to be completed in 2010 or 2011. The plan involves Alcoa and Smelter Asia, a consortium of majority Malaysian-owned interests. Global miner Rio Tinto Ltd. has said it plans to develop an aluminum smelter in Sarawak that would utilize Bakun power.
Ghana launches construction of 400-mw Bui
Ghana President John Agyekum Kufuor formally began construction of the 400-mw Bui hydroelectric project in a groundbreaking ceremony in August on Ghana’s Black Volta River. SinoHydro Corp. of China is building the project under a US$594 million engineering-procurement-construction contract. Work is to be completed in 2012. Officials of Ghana and the Export-Import Bank of China signed a financing agreement providing an initial US$292 million for the project. The total US$622 million project also includes irrigation, fisheries, and tourism components. Kufuor also spoke of plans to build small hydro projects on the Ankobra, Pra, Tano, and White Volta rivers.