Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayypi Erdogan inaugurated the 300-mw Borcka hydroelectric project in April on Turkey’s Coruh River.
While Turkey has 138 hydroelectric projects producing 46 billion kilowatt-hours per year, Erdogan noted that is only 36 percent of the country’s hydropower potential. At the same time it has a burgeoning electricity demand.
“Turkey still cannot use 64 percent of its potential,” the prime minister said. “In order to benefit from such potential, 540 new hydroelectric plants should be established in addition to the existing ones.”
In remarks reported by Turkish Press, Erdogan said nearly 1,000 applications have been received for rapid development of new hydropower plants.
Turkey’s General Directorate of State Hydraulic Works (DSi) awarded a 167 million euro (US$183 million) turnkey contract in 1999 for construction of Borcka and 115-mw Muratli, on the lower reaches of the Coruh.
The construction consortium included Andritz VA Tech Hydro, Verbundplan (now Poyry), Strabag, Voith Siemens Hydro Power Generation, and Turkish firms Temelsu and Yuksel. Voith Siemens said it supplied two Francis turbines in an order worth 26 million euros (US$34.7 million).
REFURBISHMENT: New runner to 450-mw Dalesice
Czech equipment manufacturer CKD Blansko Holding delivered a replacement runner in May
to the 450-mw Dalesice pumped-storage project on the Jilhava River in the Czech Republic.
The nine-bladed Francis runner is 6,000 millimeters in diameter and weighs 80 tons.
Delivery of the runner is part of a 4.2 million euro (US$5.7 million) contract for upgrading and overhaul of Unit 2 of the four-unit project.
ON-LINE REPORT: First unit of China’s 6,300-mw Longtan starts
Longtan Hydropower Development Co. reports the first turbine-generator of the 6,300-mw Longtan hydroelectric project began trial operation on the Hongshui River in China’s Guangxi Province.
China’s Xinhua news service quoted sources in May saying the unit was the first of three expected to be commissioned in 2007 in the nine-unit plant.
Voith Siemens Hydro Shanghai delivered the first of seven 715-mw Francis turbine runners to the project in 2006. Its consortium partner, Dongfang Electrical Machinery Co. of China, is manufacturing the balance of equipment. The final project is to be completed in 2009 with an extension to nine units totaling 6,300 mw.
“We are preparing for the operation of the other two generators that are also slated for this year,” said General Manager Dai Bo of Longtan Hydropower, a unit of China Datang Corp.
China Datang invested 30 billion renminbi (US$3.9 billion) to build Longtan’s 216.5-meter-tall dam, shiplock, and underground powerhouse. Construction began in 2001. It is to generate 18.7 billion kilowatt-hours annually.
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Alaknanda Hydro Power Co. Ltd. awarded a contract to SMEC International of Australia and SMEC India for detailed engineering services for the 330-mw Shrinagar hydro project. Alaknanda, a unit of GVK Group, is developing the run-of-river project on the Alaknanda River in India’s Uttarakhand State. Construction is expected to take 4.5 years at a cost of 19.7 billion rupees (US$439.5 million).
SouthEast Asia Energy Co. signed an agreement with the Lao government to build the US$400 million, 1,080-mw Nam Bak project in Laos.
The developer is to make an 18-month feasibility study. Construction would take five years, with start up in 2013. SouthEast Asia Energy includes Thai construction firm Ch. Karnchang PCL, the Lao government, Thailand’s Ratchaburi Electricity Generating Holding, and Bangkok Expressway PCL.
Finland-based Poyry received a 7 million euro (US$9.39 million) contract for contractors engineering services to the 450-mw Rudbar Lorestan hydro project in Lorestan Province, Iran. Under a contract from SEPASAD Engineering Co., Poyry offices in Switzerland, Austria, and Iran are to provide construction design and support during construction of the dam and headrace tunnel in the Dez River Basin.
Pakistan’s Water and Power Development Authority named MWH of the United States to provide construction management and contract administration services for the 96-mw Jinnah hydroelectric project on the Indus River. Working with a joint venture of domestic engineering companies, MWH is to complete a detailed review of engineering design and oversee procurement, construction, programming, and quality assurance procedures.
Georgia’s Ministry of Energy named a Swiss consortium to perform a feasibility study of the proposed 640-mw Khudoni hydroelectric project on Georgia’s Enguri River. The ministry awarded a contract of 2.1 million Swiss francs and 779,662 euros (US$2.81 million) to JV Colenco and Stucky of Switzerland. The firms were chosen from among five bidders.
Morocco’s phosphates agency named Keytec Corp. of the United States to study development of a hydropower project that would utilize the outfall of seawater used as a coolant for a phosphate plant at Jorf Lasfar, Morocco. With a US$375,000 grant from the U.S. Trade and Development Agency, Morocco named Keytec to carry out a feasibility study of the estimated US$18 million project.
Brazil’s Neoenergia S.A. awarded a contract to Consorcio Construtor Baguari
to build the 140-mw Baguari hydroelectric project on the Doce River in Brazil’s Minas Gerais State. The consortium, led by Brazilian construction company Odebrecht, includes Voith Siemens Hydro Power Generation and Engevix.
CONTRACT AWARD: Brazil developer procures generators for 1,087-mw Estreito
CESTE, the consortium developing 1,087-mw Estreito hydroelectric project, awarded a 92 million euro (US$125 million) contract for generators and other equipment.
Alstom Hydro, a joint venture of Alstom and Bouygues, is to supply six 136-mw generators; busbar, hydro-mechanical and lifting equipment; and installation supervision for the project, on the Tocantins River in Brazil’s Maranhao and Para states.
The equipment will be manufactured in the company’s Taubate, Brazil, facility. The first unit is to be delivered in June 2010.
The CESTE consortium includes Suez Brazilian unit Tractebel Energia, Brazilian mining firm Companhia Vale do Rio Doce, U.S. aluminum maker Alcoa, and local construction firm Camargo Correa.
In June, Brazil’s federal court lifted an order that had blocked construction of the project due to allegations it would cause environmental damage to indigenous Indian lands.
Suez said the consortium signed a 155 million real (US$81.3 million) contract in May with engineering firm OAS Engenharia for the first phase of Estreito construction. The first phase is to include excavation and infrastructure preparation for the powerhouse.
PROJECT DEVELOPMENT: Russian pacts to develop 5,500 mw
Russian hydro utility HydroOGK and corporate allies launched state-private partnerships to develop two industrial complexes in Far Eastern Russia, including the 3,000-mw Boguchanskaya project and the 2,500-mw Timpton River cascade.
HydroOGK, aluminum producer RUSAL, and banking firm Vnesheconombank signed an agreement with infrastructure agencies for a Comprehensive Program of Development of the Lower Angara Region.
The program includes completion of Boguchanskaya on the Angara River, an aluminum smelter, and a timber processing complex.
In Yakutia, HydroOGK, nuclear fuel exporter Teksnabexport, diamond monopoly Alrosa, and Yakutia Coal-New Technologies signed an agreement with Yakutia Republic to establish the Corporation for Development of South Yakutia.
That program includes a cascade of hydro projects on the Timpton River totaling 2,500 mw, as well as mining and metals complexes.
CONTRACT AWARD: Chinese firms to build Pakistan’s 960-mw Neelum-Jhelum
Pakistan’s Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) named two Chinese firms the successful bidders for civil construction, and mechanical, electrical, and hydraulic steel works for 960-mw Neelum-Jhelum.
In the third offering of the project for bids, WAPDA named China Gezhouba Group Corp. and China National Machinery & Equipment Import & Export Corp. the successful bidders with a price of 90.885 billion rupees (US$1.5 billion). Neelum-Jhelum is on the Neelum and Jhelum rivers in the Azad Jammu Kashmir Region.
Work includes civil engineering at Nauseri, Thotha, and Agar Nullah; hydraulic steel works, including gates and penstock steel liners; mechanical works, including turbines, governors, inlet valves, and cranes; and electrical works, including generators, transformers, and switchgear.
REFURBISHMENT: Bank funds 760-mw Kainji, 540-mw Jebba
The World Bank approved a US$500 million credit to develop Niger Basin water resources, including aid to rehabilitate the 760-mw Kainji and 540-mw Jebba hydroelectric projects.
The World Bank said July 3 the program is to achieve a sustainable increase in water resources productivity, boost hydropower generation, and foster economic growth in the riparian countries. It includes rehabilitation, optimization, and development of regional water infrastructure including the strategic selection and planning of new dams.
The program will be divided into two phases spanning 12 years. The first phase focuses on funding for five of the nine Niger Basin countries, those that are on the Niger River main stem: Benin US$9 million, Mali US$18 million, Nigeria US$135 million, Guinea US$9 million, and Niger US$15 million. The second phase will include the remaining four countries, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, and Cote d’Ivoire.
Mark Tomlinson, World Bank director for regional integration in Africa, said the project would start with renovation of Kainji and Jebba.
PROJECT DEVELOPMENT: Greenland, Alcoa partner to study smelter, hydro
Greenland’s Home Rule Cabinet approved a memorandum of understanding in May to study developing an aluminum smelter and a hydroelectric power system with U.S. aluminum company Alcoa.
The memorandum encompasses a 340,000-metric-ton-per-year smelter, the unspecified hydroelectric system, and a port. The Greenland government said the exact size and cost for the overall venture would be determined when the project plan is finalized.
The parties planned to begin site selection, environmental studies, engineering assessments, and other aspects of the project. If the project is found to be viable, groundbreaking for the hydropower system is expected in 2010, followed by the smelter in 2012. The smelter would begin operation by the end of 2014.
Silverth Heilmann, minister of Trade, Labor, and Vocational Training, said Alcoa was chosen as a partner in preference to other interested aluminum companies. Norwegian industrial group Norsk Hydro, which had proposed a Greenland smelter and 500-mw hydro project, acknowledged in June it had lost out to Alcoa.
DEVELOPMENT: South Africa plans 2,000-mw Umzimvubu
South Africa’s Eastern Cape Province launched a public-private investment initiative May 20 that includes construction of a 2,000-mw hydroelectric project on the Umzimvubu River.
East Cape Premier Nosimo Balindlela said the investment program aims for 60 billion rands (US$8.50 billion) worth of projects, including the dam and an irrigation scheme in the former Transkei state.
“Centered on the former Transkei and South Africa’s largest undammed river, the Umzimvubu, the economic development initiative is aimed at generating investment into the region of 60 billion rand in the next 10 years.”
PROJECT DEVELOPMENT: Leaders agree: Finish Yacyreta, start 3,000-mw Corpus
The presidents of Argentina and Paraguay agreed to complete expansion of the 3,200-mw Yacyreta hydroelectric project by the end
of 2008 and to launch development of the 3,000-mw Corpus Christi project immediately upstream on the Parana River.
Argentine President Nestor Kirchner met June 28 with Paraguay President Duarte Frutos.
Statements by Kirchner’s office and Yacyreta operator Entidad Binacional Yacyreta said the Argentine government has decided to “redouble the efforts” to complete the Yacyreta expansion by December 2008 on the Parana.
The presidents agreed that work should begin in 2009 on Corpus Christi.